|27 SEPTEMBER, FRIDAY
14.00 – 14.15
OPENING14.15 – 15.45
Plenary 1: Urban development: renewal of the urban fabric – for whom?
The first plenary discussion will concentrate on an important aspect of urban restructuring of European cities: regeneration, rebuilding, densification of the urban fabric. The emphasis will be on the analysis and mitigation of the potential negative social consequences of regeneration: renoviction and ’enerviction’ (the introduction of too high energy standards) are just two ways which could radically change the local social structure, replacing the original population with better-off families, who pay higher taxes and better match the expectations of investors and city leaders.
Moderators: Iván Tosics and Éva Gerőházi
15.45 – 16.15
16.15 – 17.45
Evolving housing regimes: after the Global Financial Crisis, new trends in housing policy indicate a paradigm shift. The session will overview different approaches to housing regimes, and attempt to identify the directions in which European housing regimes have been evolving.
The participant of the panel will represent different approaches; already several researchers expressed their interest (final list TBC): J. Hegedüs (MRI), J. Aidukaite (Lithuanian Social Research Centre), M. Lux (Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences), W. Matznetter (Universität Wien), J. Hoekstra (OTB), M. Martinez (Uppsala University), David Clapham (University of Glasgow)
Moderator: Mark Stephens (Heriot-Watt University)
28 SEPTEMBER, SATURDAY
SESSION 1A: URBAN DEVELOPMENT AFTER POST-SOCIALISM: WHERE ARE POST-SOCIALIST CITIES AND WHERE ARE THEY HEADING?
In this session the planning systems of large cities are discussed, highlighting the causes of changes: the fluctuating political and institutional/governance systems and relations. Issues to be tackled might include financialization, the leading role of investors, residualization and fragmentation of the social sector, internal decentralization of city governance, in parallel to centralization of decision making power to the national level (at least in Hungary) and glocalisation. Who are the winners and who are the losers of these changes? To what extent are large cities in the CEE region getting farther away from the ideal of sustainable and inclusive cities? An essential part of the question is how and by whom are decisions taken and influenced and how can unfavorable tendencies be tackled and changed.
Input presentations will be about Prague, Warsaw, and Budapest.
Short statements from Belgrade (Mina Petrovic), Bucharest (Catalin Berescu), Moscow (Sasha Puzanov); a view about urban sprawl (Vera Iváncsics)
Moderators: Iván Tosics and Nóra Teller
11.15 – 12.30 Session 1A.2
With the passing of time since 1990, it is increasingly difficult to find publications which focus specifically on post-socialist cities – although the debate about this group of cities is far from being finished. Significantly different views coexist. Some analysts argue that the ‘post-socialist’ category has lost its relevance, and the present development direction of post-socialist cities coincides with the mainstream of capitalist cities. Others argue that post-socialist cities have undergone multiple waves of transformations, and some of these have not been completed yet. Finally, there are analysts who predict the survival of the category of the ’post-socialist city’, either due to the emergence of a new divide within the EU, or to recent political developments. We plan to have impulse statements (in person or through pre-recorded video, all TBC) from Sonja Hirt, Ludek Sykora, and Kiril Stanilov.
Preliminary list of panel members (all TBC): Iván Szelényi, Zoltán Kovács, Judit Bodnár, Tuna Tasan-Kok.
Moderators: Iván Tosics and Nóra Teller
SESSION 1B: NEW TRENDS IN HOUSING SYSTEMS AFTER THE GFC (WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON POST-SOCIALIST HOUSING SYSTEMS)
After the Global Financial Crisis, post-socialist housing systems appear to diverge. The crisis and subsequent recession affected different countries in different ways in the region, suggesting a long-standing future divergence of Central and Eastern European housing systems. What have we learnt from the failures and successes of recent housing programs?
Preliminary list of participants (representing different countries of the region): Alexander Puzanov (Institute for Urban Economics), Richard Sendi (Urban Planning Institute of the Republic of Slovenia), Adriana Soaita (University of Glasgow), Doris Andoni (TBC) (Ministry of Finance and Economy), Srna Mandic (TBC) (University of Ljubljana)
Moderator: Martin Lux (Czech Academy of Science – TBC)
11.15 – 12.30 Session 1B.2
What role can international agencies (Habitat for Humanity, Council of Europe Development Bank, OECD, World Bank, etc.) play in developing of innovative programs? What are the most promising new affordable housing solutions in the region?
Preliminary list of participants in the session: Nicolas Brandt (OECD)(TBC), Samir Kulenovic (CEB)(TBC), Knut Huller (IWO), Gulnara Roll (UN ECE – TBC) Edit Lakatos (Housing Europe), Ashna Mathema World Bank (TBC), Elena Szolgayová (TBC) (Ministry of Transport and Construction), György Sümeghy (Habitat for Humanity)
Moderator: J. Hegedüs (MRI)
SESSION 1C: THE ROLE OF HERITAGE IN URBAN DEVELOPMENT
Under-used heritage sites in need of new functions, and areas in need of new development in urban areas make adaptive re-use a fine and often employed development tool. The possible uses are manifold, ranging from cultural places to housing, offering the chance of producing new values and strengthening local identity. However, this re-use process is fraught with challenges, especially if long-term sustainability (in a social, economic and environmental sense) is to be reached. Putting the importance and limitations of bottom-up initiatives, the role of local and extended communities in the decision making system, and the responsibilities different stakeholders bear, the sessions aims to understand if socialism still has a lasting impact on urban policies by comparing practices of cities from different post-socialist and old EU member state cities.
Moderators: Hanna Szemző and Andrea Tönkő
12.30 – 14.00
14.00 – 17.30
14.00 – 15.30 Session 2A
New participatory models, innovations to foster citizen inclusion will be discussed in this session, including recent efforts towards social innovation, such as urban commons, and the idea of the cooperative city. Preliminary list of contributions:
14.00 – 15.30 Session 2B
A low regulation, market-centered approach dominated housing and housing finance policy from the early 1990s, until the Global Financial Crisis exposed its limitations. Now, a decade later, rising housing prices and rents are creating pressures for looser lending terms combined with stricter rental market regulations. What are the appropriate regulations to deal with the political and financial incentives shaping housing markets? How do these issues vary across countries? What seem to be the relevant lessons of past mistakes? The detailed program depends on the interest of the potential participants. The session will focus on two areas: banking regulation and its effect, and the rent regulation of the dynamic urban rental markets. Preliminary list of participants: Robert Buckley (The Urban Institute), Ray Struyk (Results for Development Institute), Chrisitine Whitehead (LSE), Achim Dubel (Finpolconsult) (TBC), Stefan Kofner (HSZG), Jacek Laszek (National Bank of Poland)
Moderator: Douglas D. Diamond (Housing finance expert) – Júlia Király (IBS Budapest)
15.30 – 16.00
16.00 – 17.30 Session 3A
This session addresses the topics of innovative bottom-up approaches in population movements and in the cooperation and networking between cities progressing towards more equitable urban development. Preliminary list of contributors:
16.00 – 17.30 Session 3B
The affordability of housing has become the most important housing policy issue in the last decade, affecting not only the lowest income groups, but also the middle classes. The reaction of households to financial pressure depends both on the macro conditions of the social and economic system, and on the housing policy environment. What are the typical coping strategies of households in hardship? How the poor are housed? What are the consequences of the interplay between micro level housing strategies and policy interventions?
Preliminary list of participants: Judit Durst (UCL, Department of Anthropology), Adriene Csizmady (MTA TK SZI), Stepan Ripka (Charles University in Prague), Olszewski, Krzysztof (National Bank of Poland)
Moderators: Marja Elsinga (TU Delft) and Nóra Teller (MRI)
17.30 – 18.00
29 SEPTEMBER, SUNDAY